The first number is meant to convey the thickness/heaviness via the Number Standard. 50/2 or No. Polyester/cotton thread has become increasingly more popular among jean production. Signature Cotton Polyester Thread is made from cotton covered polyester and is a natural choice for those who require an extra strong thread for machine quilting, but prefer cotton thread to match their cotton fabrics. It is a corespun sewing thread that combines a high tenacity polyester filament core with a natural cotton cover. It can be wax coated for shoemaking or silky smooth for low-lint quilting. By finishing the thread, it’s given protective properties, allowing it to better withstand heat, water, and tension. $3.25 shipping. Corespun Thread: This type of thread is composed of a “core” of continuous filament polyester that is wrapped with either cotton or polyester yarn, like a cocoon. Round thread … Unmercerized (soft): The fibers are left untreated and remain in their natural form (relatively speaking, of course). Signature Variegated Quilting Thread - 100% Cotton. Up to 170,000 filaments band together to create what’s called a “tow”. Just try not to light the rest of your pants on fire in the process! Sign up for our free newsletter below! Also, cotton thread only increases in strength when wet. It’s also resistant to mildew. Momotaro 0305-18 with 100% Cotton Stitching. Variegated Thread: This term describes a type of dyeing. Metallic Thread: Metallic thread is used to embroider and to sew decorative topstitching. Corespun polyester, also known as poly-wrapped poly core, is a blend of a strong filament polyester core that is wrapped in a spun polyester shell. (c) 49 Oz. Bonded: Bonded thread has a special resin applied to create a tough, but smooth, protective casing. Occasionally, you may find a fleece material made from recycled materials such as plastic water bottles: while this may up its eco-credentials, it doesn’t negate the fact that plastic is still plastic, and as we’ve learned, plastic doesn’t belong in the microwave. It comes in spools with 6,000 yards and is Tex 40. J & P Coats Green Color Mercerized Cotton Covered Polyester Sewing Thread, Green Sewing Thread, J P Coats Thread, Polyester Sewing Thread OtherItemsFor11Q. Government Spec / Industrial Thread: Cotton covered Polyester - A-A-50199 Type I. Seacore 30 - Tkt 30 / Tex 60. For this article we’ll be looking at a few different types of thread: 100% Cotton, 100% Polyester, and Polyester Core/Cotton Wrap. Many upholstery enthusiasts recommend matching the upholstery thread fiber with your fabric fiber. Seacore 50 - Tkt 50 / Tex 40 Embroidery thread is made from a variety of fibers, rayon being the most popular due to its high sheen and affordability. It’s available in a variety of fiber variations and adds a great bit of energy and interest to both decorative stitching and utility stitching. It has a high resistance to sunlight and moisture, provides you with a smooth texture surface and colorfastness. Cotton Thread 50 wt Madeira Catona White / Ecru / color pick - 200m spools. At the end of the day, trust your sewing experience and use what you’ve learned from this guide to determine which thread to choose. The most common cotton covered polyester thread material is cotton. Seacore 50 - Tkt 50 / Tex 40. Upholstery thread is available in cotton, nylon, polyester, and silk. Whether you choose cotton or polyester thread, it is important to keep in mind the basic thread characteristics so you can be sure your finished product looks great and will last. Yet, they still label the thread as 40wt. When dealing specifically with weight, the smaller the number, the heavier/thicker the weight. Now that you know how the thread is weighed, let’s talk about how its strength is determined. Each boll contains approximately 250,000 fibers. It’s also resistant to salt water damage. Polyester or cotton-covered polyester works well for most projects. Mercerized Cotton Thread - 100% cotton thread that is still silky smooth. While cotton thread may not be the strongest or most durable, there is something to be said about the history behind it. The thread should always be just as strong or stronger than the fabric. Half of this leaves us scratching our heads. Camping gear, luggage, and sports equipment are examples of projects that benefit from heavy duty thread. 2.) If you want a long thread, this is the one! Typically, polyester sewing thread is less expensive than cotton sewing threads. Polyester: Polyester thread is synthetic-based and is entirely man-made. This process protects the thread from breakdown and damage, but it can also gum up your machine. 50/2 means Number 50 thread composed of 3 plies. Voila–polyester thread! 2011 - 2020 | All Rights Reserved, Corridor NYC Renders Its Shetland Wool Jacket in ‘Raisin’ Plaid, Golden Bear – Captain of the Varsity Jacket, Iron Heart Twists Up A Pair of Selvedge Chambray Shirts. Cotton thread is great for sewing other plant-based fabric, like linen, cotton, and rayon. The polyester is then extruded, cooled, then cut into chips to later be spun into filaments. Thanks to the combination of continuous filament core and spun cover, core spun threads are extremely high performing. 50 is thicker than No. Certificates of compliance shipped with each order. Oops. We don’t recommend Rayon thread for seam construction because it’s not as strong as polyester and becomes even weaker when wet. We represent you the all … Even though the thread may be finer, the end seam is still strong, durable, and flexible because it’s composed of multiple threads (usually 3 or 4). However, it’s a bit more abrasive than cotton and silk (you wouldn’t want to use it on expensive silk chiffon). 972.542.4000. Here are some of the terms you may come across: Cord: When multiple “threads” are twisted together, they create “corded thread”. While there are many types of thread in today’s garment world, there are a few types that stand out for denim production. Want to know what type of threads your jeans are made of? The takeaway here is that you want the thread tenacity to match the fabric strength or slightly weaker. Elastic (43) Embroidery Floss (1090) F. back to top. Rayon and silk embroidery thread work well for lightweight and medium-weight fabric, but a heavier fabric should be embroidered with polyester embroidery thread. Long story short, some brands borrowed measurements from other brands, not realizing it was an entirely different measurement technique. Showing all 7 results ⊞ Grid view ⊟ List view. Embroidery Thread: This term includes machine embroidery and hand embroidery thread/floss. Wool thread is soft, durable, and warm and works wonderfully in the construction of wool clothing and blankets. Heavy Duty Thread: This thread is engineered to withstand high stress and tension. The thread also is more resistant to abrasion, mildew, and sunlight than cotton. This process also enhances luster, and increases the thread’s strength and tenacity. Quilting thread is mercerized for increased strength and color longevity. The special coating is essential for firefighting gear and race car suits. Generally speaking, All-Purpose Polyester works well for most general sewing projects. Polyester thread has a little bit of stretch to it, so anything you are sewing to wear should be made with polyester or nylon thread. The larger the number, the heavier/thicker the thread. It’s easier to dye and produces beautiful, rich colors. Tenacity: This is determined by the maximum tensile force divided by linear density (say what?). However, it is less absorbent than an unmercerized thread. Its nylon base makes it strong and able to withstand tension. However, take all measurements with a grain of salt and use your own experience and judgment. Happy sewing! This process causes the fibers to swell resulting in the thread to accept dyes more readily. These are commonly described as 4-, 6-, and 9-ply thread. For example, heavy duty outdoor thread will be thick and resistant to UV rays and may contain water resistant properties (depending on the manufacturer). It tends to resemble the characteristics of poly more than cotton. However, it doesn’t hold color well and will yellow over time when exposed to sunlight (unless specially finished with UV resistant properties). There are 4 common methods of testing strength: Tensile Strength: This is determined by how much force (in grams or kg) is needed to break the thread. A ‘S’ twist thread isn’t commonly used in home sewing machines. Elastic Thread: This type of thread is great for gathering and shirring fabric due to its high stretch and rebound. 74% Polyester, 26% Glace Finish Cotton The strongest and heaviest of the hand sewing threads. Mercerized: This process coats the yarn, making it stronger and increases its luster. Generally,  a medium-weight thread is between Tex 27 and Tex 35. Signature Cotton Covered Polyester 6000 yards $ 15.00. Quilting Thread: Generally, quilting thread is either cotton, polyester, or a blend of both. Popular quilting thread brands are Aurifil and King Tut. Coats & Clark Sale. The lower the number, the lighter/finer the thread. The higher the number, the heavier/thicker the thread. As long as you are using mercerized cotton, it shouldn’t shrink like your cotton fabric (unless exposed to very high heat). This makes polyester thread a better use for stretch knit fabrics. Embroidery Floss: Popular for hand embroidery and needlepoint, embroidery floss is either spun by hand or by machine into 6 strands. We recommend using a Jean Needle and choosing classic gold or blue-grey hues. Wool will wick away moisture, but once it’s saturated, it loses much of its strength. Please note: actual colors may vary from picture due to computer setting variances. Polyester thread on 3sixteen’s 130x jeans. Fire Retardant: This thread is able to withstand extreme heat. Denier: How many grams does 9000 meters of ‘x’ thread weigh? Compared to Polyester or Poly/Cotton threads, their strength and resistance to abrasion is inferior. These synthetic threads have a few superior properties over a natural cotton thread. You’ll use this thread about 95% of the time. It’s compatible with nearly all fabric (lightweight to heavyweight). Available in a variety of colors and sizes. A higher tensile strength would indicate a stronger thread because more weight is needed to break it. You commonly see this used in leather work, shoe-making, etc. Mercerized cotton or … This thread is usually made of polyester or cotton. Brands such as 3sixteen and Dyer & Jenkins have used 100% polyester threads in their jeans for the greatest durability. You may have also heard wax thread referred to as Awl Thread. After the thread has been spun, it needs to be given a “finish”. The polyester thread provides strength while the cotton thread covering offers the same soft feel as the cotton fabric. For instance, a polyester core with wrapped cotton has the strength of polyester, but the finished look of soft cotton. It’s like kilometers and miles. Many people use rayon for their embroidering, topstitching, and monogramming. It’s not suitable for projects that will withstand constant, direct sunlight, or very high heat. An unmercerized thread is very absorbent, making it more ideal for towels, dishcloths, etc. You wouldn’t want to use this thread with very fine, sheer fabric or very heavy denim or canvas. It’s the last thread reference you’ll ever need. Polyester petroleum byproduct that comes from xylene, a hydrocarbon compound that’s generated during the cracking process of crude oil. Signature cotton covered polyester thread is a natural choice for those who require an extra strong thread for machine quilting, but prefer cotton thread to match their cotton fabrics. The Number Standard is tricky, I’m still not sure how the numbering is determined. We’ll touch base on the 5 common measurements. Like spun threads, core spun threads have a smooth and textile surface. However, a high-quality wool thread is expensive. There are many different ways in which thread is measured and categorized. Fusible Thread (2) H. ... Cotton Covered Polyester ; Thread. Nitric acid and glycol are added to modify the xylene, the fluid is heated and condensed in an autoclave, and the molecules align to form long molecules called polyester. Round thread blends into the fabric. For example, you may see thread marked as Den 225. Linda's Electric Quilters 2001 Central Circle, Suite 103 McKinney, TX 75069. Extra Long Staple Egyptian Cotton thread is considered the gold standard. Doing this will dramatically shrink the thread. These threads come in nylon and polyester. It’s highly elastic and soft. It holds dye well and is known for producing long-lasting, vibrant colors. Colors, numbering, and weights vary depending on the manufacturer. So, a thread listed as 30wt is heavier than a thread listed as 50wt because it only takes 30 kilometers (of said thread) to reach 1 kilogram. In its simplest form, thread consists of two or more plies of “yarn” twisted together. This creates a smooth finish and improves performance. It’s perfect for constructing seams, edge stitching, quilting…it does it all. This creates a stronger, more durable thread. It’s not as heavy/thick as “heavy duty thread”, nor as thin/light as embroidery thread. Read on as we dive into the history, pros, and cons of each. These combined threads provide qualities from both fibers, with the outer fiber providing the finished “look”. Gassed: This type of finish uses high heat to reduce the amount of fuzz and lint created by the thread. Cotton Covered Corespun ... Polyester Covered Corespun Polyester Embroidery Bobbins Polyester Glass ... UV-resistant, bonded polyester thread that is used in the manufacturing of outdoor and marine products which need to perform in demanding weather conditions. It isn’t very strong and breaks easily, which is why it needs the “white glove” treatment. It prevents “weeping” seams and is resistant to mildew. Please allow 3-4 weeks for delivery. COTTON COVERED POLYESTER & POLYESTER COVERED POLYESTER A-A-50199A . It’s low maintenance, durable, long-lasting, and relatively inexpensive. You can also find embroidery thread made of cotton and silk. We’ll continue to update this as new types of thread are engineered, so be sure to bookmark this article and check back frequently. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about cotton covered polyester thread? It’s not as strong as polyester and the manufacturing process is pretty bad for the environment, but it’s inexpensive and comes from a renewable resource (wood pulp). When used properly, metallic thread is beautiful and is always worth the extra effort. It’s gassed to reduce lint and designed to smoothly pass through the fabric without damaging it. 1.) Running a glazed cotton through a machine will gum up anywhere where the thread comes in contact with the machine. Great prices on A&E Signature threads. Textured Filament Thread: If you’ve ever used “wooly nylon”, then you’ve used textured filament thread. It can either remain “soft” (untreated) or be treated with a special finish to increase its performance and appearance. It can even be finished with a vibrant, color-reflecting sheen, like quality embroidery thread. The higher the number, the lighter/finer the thread. We recommend using a thread net and a metallic needle when machine sewing with clear thread. The perfect thread for sewing on buttons, tacking carpet, or for most craft hand sewing applications. 15 Dual Duty Plus Hand Quilting 25 wt or Coats Cotton Hand Quilting 20 wt Bold Hand Quilting Dual Duty XP All Purpose or Fine, Loop Strength: This is tested by looping a thread strand though a loop of the same thread and breaking it. While the polyester core gives the thread durability, stretch, and resistance to abrasion of a 100% polyester thread. It can either be twisted in a ‘Z’ direction (left twist) or a ‘S’ direction (right twist). Three-ply polyester core gives strength with a cotton covering preferred by quilters. Wool thread is commonly used during hand needle work, but specially designed, fine wool threads can be used in machines. Wool: This animal-based thread is created from the fleece of sheep and can be spun into fine, medium, and thick weights. “Industrial thread” is really a 2-part term; it can either describe the spool size (like a 5 lbs spool) or convey strength not found in the home-sewing realm (like Kevlar Thread). Rayon: Rayon is plant-based and is known for its beautiful shine and vibrant colors. You’ll also find denim thread that is slightly variegated to blend in nicely with denim fabric when darning. Because there is such a lack of consistency and no agreed upon “industry standard”, thread companies often go by their own rules. It’s then divided to achieve the desired thickness (when the user is ready to embroider). For instance, if 1000 meters of thread weighs 25 grams, then the thread will be listed as Tex 25. They can handle everything from chiffon to stacks of leather. Once it’s spun, it’s finished to accentuate project-specific features. This process also preshrinks cotton thread. COATS & CLARK-Cotton Covered Quilting & Piecing Thread. Stay up to date with the latest on new releases, features, and new shop products by subscribing to our free daily newsletter. It’s especially useful when embroidering thicker fabric and when you want your design to have great texture. Because so much thread is used, serger thread is wound on large cones with about 2,000 to 3,000 yards of thread. Corespun Thread: This type of thread is composed of a “core” of continuous filament polyester that is wrapped with either cotton or polyester yarn, like a cocoon. Most 100% cotton thread will go through a Mercerizing process, where thread is treated under tension in a solution of caustic soda, which makes the cotton fibers more uniform. Well you're in luck, because here they come. It’s essential to buy high-quality serger thread, as lint builds up much faster than on your home sewing machine. Due to the spinning process of the polyester, the thread has a much higher strength and greater elasticity than it’s natural counterparts. This thread is made up of a 100% polyester core filament, wrapped in a 100% cotton staple wrapper. This measurement indicates the brittleness of thread and overall stitch strength. With the combination of both cotton and polyester, you get the best of both worlds. Thread Mastery: A Guide to Understanding Thread, tips and tricks for sewing metallic thread, Fall Sewing Catalog: Projects And Supplies For Autumn, 3 Great Products To Organize Your Bobbins, Understanding Bernina Sewing Machine Shanks. Serger Thread: Overlock machines use 2 or more spools of thread to both construct a seam and/or finish the raw edge. All Right Reserved. The cotton wrap gives the thread the sewability, authentic look and feel, and heat resistance you would get with 100% cotton. Polyester wrapped Polyester - A-A-50199 Type II. A ‘Z’ twist is suitable for single needle sewing machines. Coordinating Products. So, the term “industrial thread” can also mean “industrial strength”, like the strength needed to sew firefighter’s jackets, rock-climbing gear, and parachutes. The polyester thread provides strength while the cotton thread covering offers the same soft feel as cotton fabric. FREE LEAFLET S995 Thread Wt. You may also see thread measured in Denier. Glazed cotton thread is for Hand Quilting. The fibers are dyed in intervals of alternating shades and colors along the entire length of the thread. Cotton thread has been used practically since the dawn of human history. Coats Extra Strong Upholstery – Art S964 (Click HERE for this thread) From then on, it has been a staple of garment construction. Pay special attention to how nylon is finished to determine its properties. Cotton covered polyester thread has the feel of cotton with the strength and elasticity of polyester. While cotton thread has been around for a while, it does have it’s drawbacks. It’s also soft and has a luxurious sheen. The texture component makes it appear thick and “fluffy” (if that makes any sense). From shop OtherItemsFor11Q. The lack of stretch in cotton thread also makes it ideal for quilting projects because they won't lose their shape. It’s important to note that this measurement is really only used in the US and, again, isn’t 100% accurate, because not all companies actually follow the above formula. Clear Thread: Also called Monofilament and Continuous filament thread, this type of thread resembles very fine fishing line and is useful when you want your stitches to be invisible. It is known for its strength, durability, low shrinkage and low stretch. Three-ply polyester core gives strength with a cotton covering preferred by quilters. It also dyes well, creating deep, rich tones. Knot Strength: This term indicated how much load the thread can withstand when knotted before breaking. Tex: How many grams does 1000 meters of thread weigh? It’s usually made with a polyester core and wrapped with slivers of metal foil/tinsel. The polyester thread or yarn is used to make fabric. We hope this helps and that you can continue to use this article as a reference throughout your sewing journey. With the combination of both cotton and polyester, you get the best of both worlds.