0000009515 00000 n Common mullein is a biennial plant that reproduces only by seeds and is a prolific seed producer. (10.2-30.5 cm) long, 1-5 in. ��$��{q����l�͞� v#Ы��-���PA�.�qfJ�2�v^��m�!�b��^��f-���Ի<9ZY��_������&D�2J"t�NK��l�`V�+8!�^(in�o�U�;��k�5R��P+e��VuMko��~���T aBwC�7��_��LI�-˗��P��\\P�c>�9jNTp�� ������Ia@aO��|,rXW�3��A�?Р9����Ul�c��+Y�`��冎ϽF�H� (2.5-12.7 cm) wide, and covered with woolly hairs. Foliage Basal leaves from a rosette 8-12 in. Basal leaves are 4-12 in. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. xref are both plants with velvety, wooly leaves. 0000001328 00000 n 0000001818 00000 n I am always surprised at gardeners who quickly dismiss a plant or label it as nasty without actually taking the time to know it. 0000005221 00000 n 55 0 obj<>stream Verbascum blattaria, or moth mullein, is a flowering biennial herb belonging to the Scrophulariaceae (figwort) family. 0000003751 00000 n The genus name and several of the many common names for V. thapsus refer to the dense wooly hairs that cover the surface of its leaves. Environment: Mullein grows above 5,000’ between juniper/pinon and ponderosa belts in disturbed and recently burned earth. Some people take mullein by mouth for breathing conditions such as cough or asthma, pneumonia, colds, … First-year plants develop as a basal rosette of felt-like leaves. Scientific name: Verbascum thapsus . In the fall, mullein produces egg-shaped, pale brown fruits. The common mullein blooms bright, yellow flowers from June-August. Mullein roots are used to treat urinary tract infections. Lambs ear (Stachys byzantina) and mullein (Verbascum sp.) %PDF-1.4 %���� Flowering occurs in June to August, when five-petaled, yellow flowers develop at the apex of the shoot. Common mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is often considered an invasive plant; however, other species of mullein, including hybrids known as ornamental mullein… Tweets by @ISCBC. 1999. Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus . How to Grow Mullein in Gardens Learning how to grow mullein is easy; just watch it grow once it has sprouted, if you have the common type. One such invasive species that could affect western Nebraska is common mullein, an herbaceous biennial forb found throughout the Great Plains and most of North America. Theodore Webster, USDA Agricultural Research              Service, bugwood.org. Originally, mullein was native to Asia and Europe, but it was introduced to the United States in the 1700s. The tall pole-like stem ends at a dense spike of yellow flowers. Mullein can quickly overtake and displace native species, releasing over 100,000 seeds from each parent plant. The root system allows the plant to access soil moisture better than native plants. Mullein is used as a herbal remedy. Verbascum thapsus (L.) is a member of the Scrophulariaceae family of angiosperms. Uses of Mullein. Flowering occurs in June to August, when five-petaled, yellow flowers develop at the apex of the shoot. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). (15.2 cm) long, and lanceolate with margins that are usually crenate. 0000004261 00000 n United States Land-Grant University System – Find your land-grant university’s college of agriculture, Cooperative Extension office, or other related partner on this map provided by USDA. 0000006647 00000 n The fruit is a ovoid capsule that splits releasing many seeds. 0000001587 00000 n These flowers have five petals arranged in a leafy spike. 0000010308 00000 n Native to Asia and Europe, Verbascum is a now widespread genus in this family, with about 250 species. In Canada, common mullein is found in all southern provinces. Common mullein is a biennial forb native to Eurasia and Africa. Plants are unbranched and can grow to more than 6.6 ft. (2 m) tall. ��[��TVI�k�+�&k=�o�hM���p�����Xű$\�v?���mז(�����-�S�u��#�j�Ea��D�� C JYG����~1�ל��꽶2� ����nɴgң {dƤ_�E Hm5BI��6��+ޣ 0000004337 00000 n H����n�0��~ Details V. nigrum is an ornamental biennial or short-lived perennial. REPORT JOIN DONATE. Basal leaves are 4-12 in. 0000000016 00000 n The common type of the plant is very invasive, unlike the hybrid types. They can … USDA PLANTS Database. Mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is a biennial that grows in USDA hardiness zones 3 through 9. Description. Location, habitat, weather, and a variety of other conditions are factors that help determine the best treatment choice. In the United States, common mullein occurs in all states including Alaska and Hawaii [ 7, 104, 113, 139 ]. How to report an invasive species sighting to EDDMapS – Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. (20.3-30.5 cm) across. Minneopa State Park held a mullein … The fruit is an ovoid capsule that splits releasing many seeds that germinate in water. 2006. 0000059199 00000 n Rosettes can be over 2 feet across. Hybrids bred for the home garden are not as invasive as the common mullein. Mullein is an herbaceous plant with large, grayish-green leaves and bright yellow flowers throughout the summer. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States. Texas Invasives. Invasive Species Program; Species; Plants; Common Mullein; Common Mullein. H�|T�r�0��+p+ձYI�,��6��{Hfj��N�D[ld�%)������H_'��],�(?��0Mx�-(�n�2Q���. To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state’s land-grant institution. The plant grows from 6 … The second year plant normally produces a single unbranched stem. The plant will be quite prolific the first year after a fire, each subsequent year the plants will be less abundant. 0000001016 00000 n It has a woolly stem which is erect, 2-6 feet tall, without branches. The leaves are used for treating respiratory illnesses. 0000030596 00000 n Theodore Webster, USDA Agricultural Research              Service, Native Species That Can Resemble Common Mullein, Additional Information, Biology, Control and Management Resources, Terrestrial (land-dwelling) invasive species, Aquatic (Water-Dwelling) Invasive Species, Public Outreach and Education Materials (Invasive species), United States Land-Grant University System, Weeds Gone Wild: Alien Plant Invaders of Natural Areas. Common mullein is an erect herb that is also known as wooly mullein because of its felt-like leaves. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. H��TK��0��W�� eⷝ�-Ph-q@�ݖ-J��-ۿό��nRA�C���3I%@ix�gź{�)�O� \���K@���8!y�0�М��U���\8W� ���n��/04�nW24 ��";�ܵ�aN�����V�\��T��З�[�]@��{�8�s���N�3;2U?K��O������FX��N܈�nS Prevention is the best and cheapest management option. �+H��^Mt�P���H��Q��b��lxP�He(IĂH����*3J���81RU���)�8 ���w����)�m��l��.b�P���O �Wi*�g$&]K 0000004007 00000 n Verbascum thapsus Second-year plant starting to flower, with a dead stem of the previous year, behind left Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Lamiales Family: Scrophulariaceae Genus: Verbascum Species: V. thapsus Binomial name Verbascum thapsus Linnaeus Verbascum thapsus, the great mullein or common mullein, is a species of mullein native to Europe, northern Africa, and Asia, and … 0000072892 00000 n Having well-established grasses and forbs on a maintained pasture or rangeland with proper grazing and rotational grazing techniques can go a long way to prevent its establishment. Description: This is a biennial herb with felt-like leaves. Though the plant is not native it is not considered invasive. The plant changes dramatically in the second year with the conspicuous 5-10 feet tall flowering stalk. Family: Figwort family (Scrophulariaceae) Reasons for concern: This is a pioneer plant in forest environments that have been burned or seriously disturbed. )���5娙�ӈE���Vh����qN ��hD���K���D_�=��"a�-��v�te�*M���.x� ��˲�x�y礣��C�q, ϕA Hc��: U�����3䐅=�(���YC�.z=�wXQ#cܖ�E*�'K���>u�m�o`����Ӛ,1D���JWCU>�[�t��H� �  deM� *q";�  W`*� Get news from the Invasive Species Council of BC delivered to your inbox. 0000011866 00000 n What is the best way and place to report the occurrence of an invasive species? First-year plants develop as a basal rosette of felt-like leaves. Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus. What are invasive species and why should we be concerned about them? While weedy, it's not an especially problematic pest in high quality habitat and can be managed with a bit of hand pulling, the taproot usually coming up without a lot of effort. HEAR: USDI, Geological Survey. Common mullein, also known as wooly mullein, is an erect herb. ��BF�V�.�IpL ��ǟN���zd�6}Y�����S8�!��C�ޑ;�? First-year plants develop as a basal rosette of felt-like leaves. Mullein (Verbascum thapsus): This invasive weed begins as a rosette then can grow more than 6 feet tall. t�B!3m�c��xbx� ��e�^�Y�T��ב�W��E���^x{y�`�p/Wyj�[=�W�&�n�����&PԮ��?��hf��9�81�O��J3�����\�Qw��Pk�kyTF����X2�Wzsp8��,h����sQ�G �Q��\�۱~w�����_ ~+��z�8�߃G�A���~rq(�&�M�z�/� C��ap�#z��ʜu3�\�F�,xuL.1o��>}���qY��^g�5J��ق���9H�I�� �-����;��� ���� It has been declared a noxious weed by the state of Colorado. Common mullein is a nonnative species that occurs throughout most of North America. �C��e��C� This work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. The plant bolts in the second year. A native to Eurasia and North Africa, it has naturalized in the United States and most of Canada since its introduction and has become an invasive species there. Genus Verbascum can be annuals, biennials, perennials or subshrubs mostly with hairy leaves and 5-petalled, saucer-shaped flowers . Mullein has soft, fuzzy leaves in a rosette during their first year and blooms into tall yellow heads in their second year. ��=������V����d�u\/ˡ �ȉ�����jM���y��s�|���|i�1�YȿG�Ug��� Mullein is a soft (almost velvet-like) biennial that can grow very tall. 20 36 0000006874 00000 n ԃ���}?v�-$�ӊ}�ᇞ҂A$эl+�:R*'!���h��S�Ar���Դ�'k��� �̶Dq>�|[/��h�``���h%�����c�>�����́rd�K1���*��X�(��1�zħ�Ըyg��앹}�K0��QRgEy��.�w �Y� Cauline (stem) leaves are decurrent, alternate, and decrease in size toward the apex. 0000006257 00000 n <<6864AEAF5443FD4586061F575493FAEF>]>> Common Mullein is a weedy species of dry, disturbed soils, often seen in large groups on roadsides, empty lots, railroads, gravel pits, and degraded fields. Mullein needs space. Plants are unbranched and can grow to more than 6.6 ft. (2 m) tall. Today, it is naturalized across the United States. This invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the paragraphs that follow. 0000001408 00000 n It prefers full sun and dry soil. A biennial forb (a herbaceous flowering plant that’s not a grass) native to Eurasia and Africa, common mullein was introduced in the 1700s, and noted in Michigan by 1839. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Invasive Plants Invasive Animals Invasive Fish ... Home » Resources » Photo Gallery » Mullein. Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Leave this field blank. If you will use chemicals as part of the control process, always refer to the product label. x�b```f``�``e`��ad@ A�LJ�^�L��o�c;G�I���._&�I��ܹtB�!#����*J��fϊ��R�耘������ �+�ldB Nƙ ��X,���Ϩ�,��@���P�cs��.΍r�=L'�Y�,t7$&g�n�ɺIS��Ia��gQk�g0�`�a! Mature flowering plants are produced the second year, and grow to 5 to 10 feet in height, including the conspicuous flowering stalk. H�|TMo�@��W�q��e�4j��Tq�z���� ������3;��U �x��7o�]��I~D�>���&�0�BQn|z�fP��'a��xi� Common name(s): Mullein, flannel mullein, woolly mullein. 0000007872 00000 n 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. endstream endobj 43 0 obj<>stream �����x�bX�ޅ�]���p-�1��QEޗB����w1+�))������T*���I�~���b[I�4,����c.i*ԙUn�]'�R��@b��Zh�h3�i�j�e�`0�m��j=h�^}ε��&�=����W��d��y���}Q?y�I~@�D�!��xg}��Z���3�j�]O�`�j�jO����qbѺ�`l ���Q0���wE]V�9�VӳH�4*7OriW������浓�=Y!m�(�L��T.�/ї�����s Cf�v�8�ܤ����`p�6?f�� ��(���0��a�}������a(��itG�/"���� Synonym(s): white moth mullein: Native Range: Europe and Asia Appearance Verbascum blattaria is a perennial plant that can grow 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall and is usually unbranched. Weeds Gone Wild: Alien Plant Invaders of Natural Areas – Plant Conservation Alliance, Element Stewardship Abstract – The Nature Conservancy. startxref 0000003256 00000 n Cauline (stem) leaves are decurrent, alternate, and decrease in size toward the apex. Lower leaves clasp the stems but … 0000011103 00000 n Berkeley, California. endstream endobj 42 0 obj<>stream 0000076918 00000 n Email * First Name By submitting this … (10.2-30.5 cm) long, 1-5 in. Mullein is a plant used to make medicine. 0000001976 00000 n NORTH PLATTE, Neb. 0000005827 00000 n Differences Between Lamb's Ear and Mullein. Native to Europe and Asia, common mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is part of the figwort or Scrophulariaceae family and is an erect, invasive herb. 0000027667 00000 n 0000003290 00000 n Invasive Species: Verbascum thapsus, Common Mullein Common mullein is a biennial forb native to Eurasia and Africa. The plant begins as a rosette and leaves have a thick hair cover. Cooperative Extension Offices – Find your local Cooperative Extension office on this map provided by USDA. Some people call this plant big taper, … ����Ͷʻ2/�M�$�t�BL�o��];D��Þ�J�x��v�Y�MY�e�ܜ-?�ީ�U���N�l��i�2EGL o~�ř�����98���8�4�0}�bv{~3�����? Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California-Davis. Scrophulariales > Scrophulariaceae > Verbascum thapsus L. Synonym(s): big taper, flannel mullein, flannel plant, great mullein, mullein, velvet dock, velvet plant, woolly mullein, Common mullein – The reported distribution of this invasive species across the United States (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States), Up-to-the-minute distribution maps and why they are important. t�������wFi& �ba��@��; �J:G First year mullein plants are low-growing rosettes of bluish gray-green, feltlike leaves that range from 4-12 inches in length and 1-5 inches in width. First year mulleins have low growing rosettes with alternate, bluish/gray-green leaves that range from 1-5 inches wide and 4-12 inches long. Common mullein in gardens is considered a noxious and invasive weed in many states, but more than 300 varieties of ornamental mullein plants can grow in the garden or natural areas without abundant reseeding. They clear the lungs by loosening congestion. (2.5-12.7 cm) wide, and covered with woolly hairs. Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species. Its dark green leaves are hairy and make basal clumps out of which rise slender columns of warm yellow flowers with purple stamens at their centres.