Petroselinum crispum forma tenuisectum Petroselinum crispum (Miller) Nyman ex A.W.Hill synonym: UKSI Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. variegatum (Nois.) Nyman ex A.W. The essential (pure) oil is toxic, with case reports of mortality.5, 30. The first, Aethusa cynapium (dog poison, fool's parsley, small hemlock) can be distinguished from parsley by the shiny yellow-green underside of the leaves, which are dull in parsley, and the white flowers, which are yellowish in parsley. 3. Add to cart. Spanish: perejil; French: persil; Portuguese: salsa Reviewed-Annotation score: ... Common plant regulatory factor 1. 1959. source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the While no major toxicities have been reported with the use of parsley, pregnant women should not take parsley because of possible uterotonic effects. Name verified on 25 February 2010 in: Parsley is the herb of choice for a garnish, but it is also used in bouquet garnis, as the main ingredient in parsley sauce, and as an ingredient in soups and fish dishes. It is important to fully inform your doctor about the herbal, vitamins, mineral or any other supplements you are taking before any kind of surgery or medical procedure. Plant Name: Petroselinum crispum. Parsley is an annual herb indigenous to the Mediterranean region, but now cultivated worldwide with numerous varieties available. This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. Genbank common name: parsley NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code ... Porcher Michel H. et al. Cnidium ... (Petroselinum crispum) and coriander (Coriandrum sativum) against three major stored-product insect pests viz. tuberosum, the taproot is enlarged and can be used like a small parsnip. provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Vol. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (M.M.P.N.D) - A Work in Progress. Parsley produces an umbel of tiny flowers and characteristic ribbed fruit ("seeds"). Porcher Michel H. et al. Brown. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. Hill Projects: Madidi Checklist, Mesoamericana, Pakistan, Peru Common Names: "Perejíl" (Peru) No References available Limited laboratory studies suggest parsley has antiplatelet activity as well as antimicrobial, immunosuppressive activity, and cytotoxic and spasmolytic effects. 2: 642. Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. 1913. Fuss : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - other, see comments : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met More than 30 varieties of parsley are recognized and their relative content of apiol and myristicin vary. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. General information about Petroselinum crispum (PARCR) This is the cultivated plant. relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. Nyman Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) School of Agriculture and Food Systems. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Petroselinum Names. Nyman ex A.W. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Petroselinum Names. The skin reaction is usually only evident if the areas that have contacted the juice are exposed to very strong sunlight; it can be minimized by the use of protective clothing and sunscreens.34, Parsley itself has FDA GRAS status; although, parsley fruit (seed) has been used traditionally as an abortifacient.3 Parsley extracts contain apiol and myristicin, chemical constituents with associated potential toxicities. It is now grown world-wide for its is aromatic edible leaves which may be used fresh or dried in soups, salads and a wide variety of other food dishes (e.g., potatoes, fish, stews, vegetables, omelets). Safety and efficacy for dosages above those in foods are unproven and should be avoided. Petroselinum vulgare Lagasca : Common Name(s): parsley [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: The essential oil should not be used because of toxicity.30, GRAS when used as food. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. 3 vols. Safety and efficacy for dosages above those in foods are unproven and should be avoided. ex Gaudin Petroselinum sativum var. Its name Petroselinum derives from the Greek term referring to … Nyman ex A. W. Hill.Common Name(s): Garden parsley, Parsley, Rock parsley. In Lebanon, parsley is a major ingredient in the national dish called tabbouleh. Parsley may have been smoked for a euphoric effect or as a carrier for more potent drugs such as phencyclidine.8, The concentration of parsley oil varies throughout the plant. It is not known whether parsley oil induces hallucinations, but the practice of smoking parsley as a cannabis substitute was well known during the 1960s. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Common name i: Parsley: Synonym i: Petroselinum hortense: Other names i ›Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Scientific Name: Petroselinum crispum: Pronunciation: pet-roe-seh-LYE-num KRIS-pum: Common Name: parsley : Family Name: Apiaceae: Plant Type: Biennial Key ID Features: Scented annual; leaves alternate, compound, tri-pinnate, serrate margins, leaflets deltoid and +/- curling; stem with swollen nodes and vertical stripes. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Petroselinum . Caution must be used when gathering wild parsley because of the general similarity of its leaves and flowers to those of 3 common poisonous plants. Common names : Apium crispum Mill. Name verified on 25 February 2008 in: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. In some forms, such as Petroselinum crispum var. It is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae and widely cultivated as an herb, a spice, and a vegetable. Parsley oil has also been used to regulate menstrual flow in the treatment of amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea, and is purported to be an abortifacient. (1814) Petroselinum vulgare J. Hill (1756) International Common Names. Petroselinum crispum (Parsley) (Petroselinum hortense) Status. It has erect stems and non-hairy bright green leaves. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Petroselinum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Britton, N.L., and A. Nyman ex A.W. An average adult may consume as much as 50 g of parsley per meal.4, Parsley seed was used traditionally as a carminative to decrease flatulence and colic pain. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product. Myristicin is chemically related to apiol and has also been identified in nutmeg. Common Parsley, Moss Parsley, Curled Parsley. Common Name(s): parsley [English] Accepted Name(s): Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) The curly leafed forms of parsley. [Full text] [PubMed]. Petroselinum crispum is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a medium rate. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Emmenagogue and abortifacient effects may occur with higher doses.31, Studies in rodents suggest parsley and its extracts may exert an antiplatelet effect. Petroselinum crispum, called parsley, is a culinary herb that is native to Europe and the Mediterranean. radicosum Alefeld 1866. Its origin is uncertain, though possibly in the Central Mediterranean region. Subscribe to newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. However the curly leaves tend to hold on to surface water and so they are more likely to contract fungal diseases in the winter. Individuals allergic to other members of the Apiaceae family (ie, carrot, fennel, celery) may be especially sensitive to the constituents in the flowers of parsley.30, 33, Because of the potential uterotonic effects, parsley oil, juice, and seed should not be taken by pregnant women. The genus name Petroselinum is derived from the Greek words 'petra' meaning stone or rock and 'selinin' meaning celery. Database (Oxford). parsley; Other Scientific Names. Generally recognized as safe when used as food (GRAS). Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Alef. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. Limited laboratory studies suggest parsley has antiplatelet activity as well as antimicrobial, immunosuppressive activity, and cytotoxic and spasmolytic effects. Published on the Internet, Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid), Go to NCBI genomic BLAST page for Petroselinum crispum, Petroselinum crispum (P. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Research reveals no clinical data regarding the use of parsley for antiplatelet activity. Common names; Herb: Parsley Latin name: Petroselinum crispum Synonyms: Apium petroselinum, Carum petroselinum, Petroselinum hortense, Petroselinum sativum Family: Umbelliferae Medicinal use of Parsley: Parsley is a commonly grown culinary and medicinal herb that is … Symptoms of Conium and Cicuta poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, paralysis, weak pulse, dilated pupils, convulsions, and death. Last updated on Oct 7, 2020. Nyman ex A. W. Hill, Petroselinum crispum (P. genus: Petroselinum Hill; Other names with Apium crispum Mill. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. cowpea weevil, Mediterranean four moth, and Indian meal moth. Parsley or garden parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae that is native to the central and eastern Mediterranean region (Sardinia, Lebanon, Israel, Cyprus, Turkey, southern Italy, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Malta, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia), but has naturalized elsewhere in Europe, and is widely cultivated as an herb, and a vegetable. Parsley, in addition to being a source of certain vitamins and minerals, has been used traditionally for widespread uses. (family Apiaceae) is a vegetable, a medicinal herb, and a spice, widely cultivated for more than 2000 years in the southeastern Europe and western Asia. Poison hemlock is a much larger plant than common parsley. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. Select one or more newsletters to continue. It is not frost tender. Plant profile of Petroselinum crispum on Name verified on 25 February 2010, in: The International Plant Names Index (2004). & Hook. Bruised leaves have been used to treat tumors, insect bites, lice, skin parasites, and contusions.5, 6 Parsley tea at one time was used to treat dysentery and gallstones.5 Other traditional uses reported include treatment of diseases of the prostate, liver, and spleen, in the treatment of anemia, arthritis, and cancers, as an expectorant, antimicrobial, aphrodisiac, hypotensive, laxative, and as a scalp lotion to stimulate hair growth.5, 7, Myristicin, a compound found in parsley oil, is suggested to be in part responsible for the hallucinogenic effect of nutmeg. Preferred Scientific Name. Petroselinum crispum (Miller) Nyman ex A.W. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) vulgare (Nois.) Petroselinum hortense Hoffm. Contraindications have not yet been identified. Mill.) Clinical trials are, however, lacking to support any therapeutic recommendations. Geographic subdivisions for Petroselinum crispum: n SNF, CCo, MP : MAP CONTROLS 1. f. Petroselinum hortense Hoffm. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. Hill : Apium petroselinum L. Carum petroselinum (L.) Benth. Petroselinum sativum var. Hill; Preferred Common Name. Adverse effects from the ingestion of the oil have included headache, giddiness, loss of balance, convulsions, and renal damage.5, 30, The psoralen compounds found in parsley have been linked to a photodermatitis reaction found among parsley cutters. The roots contain 0.1% oil, whereas the leaf contains about 0.3%.9 The fruit contains the largest percentage of oil, between 2% to 7%.9 The oil contains 2 components, apiol and myristicin, which are pharmacologically active. Alef. Adverse effects from the ingestion of parsley oil include headache, giddiness, loss of balance, convulsions, and renal damage. … Reference: How to cite this resource - Schoch CL, et al. This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. Genus Petroselinum are aromatic biennials with broad, pinnate to 3-pinnate leaves and compound umbels of small white or pale green flowers Details P. crispum is a bushy biennial with rich green, crisped, 2- to 3-pinnate, aromatic leaves, and small yellow-green flowers in umbels in the second year Cytotoxicity and apoptotic activity has been demonstrated in vitro using human cancer cell lines, possibly by antioxidant activity.15, 19, 20, 21, 22, Research reveals no clinical data regarding the use of parsley or its extracts in cancer. This is the more ornamental form, especially when used as a dressing in salads, cooked meals etc. Mansf. Parsley leaves and roots are popular as condiments and garnish worldwide. An older clinical study evaluated the antioxidant effect of dietary parsley finding a pro-oxidant effect.17, Apiol and myristicin may be responsible for the mild diuretic effect of the seed and oil.23 Rats given an aqueous parsley seed extract in place of drinking water eliminated a higher volume of urine compared with controls.24 An in situ kidney perfusion technique also supports this finding.24 Research suggests that the diuretic effect of parsley is mediated through an inhibition of the Na+-K+ pump.24 The laxative effect of parsley seed extract is also attributed to the inhibition of sodium and of the Na+-K+ pump.25, A small (n=20) clinical study on the effect of parsley tea found no effect on urinary indices measured including urine volume, pH, sodium, potassium, chloride, urea, creatinine, phosphorus, magnesium, uric acid, cystine, or citric acid content.26. For example, "German" parsley oil contains about 60% to 80% apiol, whereas "French" parsley oil contains less apiol but more (50% to 60%) myristicin.10 Parsley has a high carotenoid content, with 25.7 mg per 100 g edible portion.11, 12, Parsley contains psoralen and related compounds that can induce photosensitivity (see Toxicology); these include ficusin, bergapten, majudin, and heraclin.13 The plant also contains several antimicrobial furocoumarins: psoralen, 8-methoxypsoralen, 5-methoxypsoralen, oxypeucedanin, and isopimpinellin.14 Parsley contains the estrogenic flavone glycosides, 6'-acetylapiin and petroside.15, Nutritionally, parsley is a good natural source of vitamins and minerals, including calcium, iron, carotene, ascorbic acid, and vitamin A.5, 9, Flavonoids apigenin and cosmosiin extracted from parsley, as well as the aqueous extract, showed antiplatelet activity in vitro and in rodents.16, 17, 18. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Although case reports are lacking, a theoretical interaction may exist with antiplatelet medicines. Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. Emmenagogue and abortifacient effects may occur with higher doses. Scientific Name(s): Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) P. Crispum neapolitanum Danert. tuberosum) is cultivated for its edible root.Parsley belongs to the flowering plant family Apiaceae, which also is known as the parsley family. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. The root was used as a diuretic and the juice to treat kidney ailments. Although case reports are lacking, a theoretical interaction exists with other antiplatelet medicines.16, 17, 18, Parsley juice may alter the activity of drugs affected by the cytochrome P450.32, Adverse effects from the use of parsley are uncommon. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. Petroselinum vulgare Lagasca Homonyms Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. as basionym: *Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Parsley (Engl.) 2020: baaa062. Botanical Name: Petroselinum crispum. Nym. *Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) 322. Similarly, collectors should be aware of Conium maculatum (poison hemlock, water hemlock, poison parsley) and Cicuta maculata (water hemlock). Poisonings have occurred when the leaves of Conium were mistaken for parsley and the seeds for anise. Quick Info: Host plant for Black Swallowtail and Anise Swallowtail Butterflies, Pretty Foliage, Common Herb, Annual/Biennial. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008 - 4344 Shaw Boulevard, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, U.S.A. on line at: It is noted for attracting wildlife. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. It also has a milder flavour. Nyman *Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) BASIONYM: Petroselinum sativum Hoffmann ex Gaudin, var. NCBI Taxonomy: a comprehensive update on curation, resources and tools. The other common names for the herb parsley are Apium petroselinum, Petroselinum lativum, Petersylinge, Curly Parsley, Flat-leaved Parsley and devils oat meal. Parsley leaf has been used at daily doses of 6 g; however, no clinical studies have been found that support this dose. A review of in vitro studies on parsley and parsley extracts reports various effects including antimicrobial17, 27, 28 and immunosuppressive activity,17, 29 as well as spasmolytic effects.17 However, clinical trials are lacking to support any therapeutic recommendations. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Clinical trials are, however, lacking to support any therapeutic recommendations. Fuss. Native to the mediterranean, it’s a rich source of vitamin C and iron, and is said to cure bad breath and cleanse the skin. GRAS when used as food. Fuss 1866. pronounced: pet-roh-sell-EE-num KRISS-pum (Apiaceae — the celery family)common names: parsley, curly parsley. vulgare (Nois.) The plant is self-fertile. Parsley juice may alter the activity of drugs affected by cytochrome P450. Petroselinum crispum parsley Legal Status. vulgare ›Petroselinum crispum var. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. P. Crispum crispum. 2. Parsley seed oil and herb oil are obtained from the above-ground plant parts by steam distillation, while the dried leaf flakes are sold commercially as a culinary herb.1, 2, 3. This product may be unsafe when used before surgery or other medical procedures. Danert ›Petroselinum sativum: Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i The plant got its name from Pedanius Dioscorides (100 A.D.). Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. Australia. Petroselinum crispum Taxonomy ID: 4043 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid4043) current name. Mill.) Available for Android and iOS devices. Where it develops as a biennial, in the first year, it frames a rosette of tripinnate leaves 10–25 cm long with numerous 1–3 cm leaflets, and a taproot utilized as a food store over the winter. The University of Melbourne. (1814) Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. Course(s): Parsley leaf has been used at daily doses of 6 g5; however, no clinical studies have been found that support this dose. This product has not been reviewed by the FDA to determine whether it is safe or effective and is not subject to the quality standards and safety information collection standards that are applicable to most prescription drugs. Petroselinum crispum. Parsley, in addition to being a source of certain vitamins and minerals, has been used traditionally for widespread uses. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. Carum petroselinum (L.) Benth & Hook.f. The essential oil should not be used because of toxicity. Parsley is the common name for a bright green, biennial herb of European origin, Petroselinum crispum, which is extensively cultivated for its leaves, which are used as a garnish or for flavoring food.One variety, the Hamburg parsley (P. crispum var. Hill, diArk - a resource for eukaryotic genome research. Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a bright green, biennial, herbaceous plant. Medically reviewed by Fuss Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Common parsley (Engl.) Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. 2. Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative Fuss ›Petroselinum crispum var. Petroselinum crispum forma radicosum Petroselinum crispum (Miller) Fuss, forma radicosum (Alefeld) Danert, in Mansfeld, Kulturpflanze, Beih. Curled Parsley (100 seeds) for Your Butterfly Garden quantity. Apium petroselinum L. Garden parsley (Engl.) Parsley is the common name for a bright green, biennial herb of European origin, Petroselinum crispum, which is extensively cultivated for its leaves, which are used as a garnish or for flavoring food. History Petroselinum, the specific name of the Parsley, from which our English name is derived, … Petroselinum vulgare Gray, 1821 Petroselinum vulgare Lag.