Concentrates should have little to no starch content unless the horse is engaged in heavy work. Nettles (Urtica dioica) accumulate large quantities of nitrogen, calcium, silica, iron, phosphates and vitamins B, C & K. This explains their reputation in reducing painful inflammation as seen in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis in humans. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. She advises owners to feed their at-risk or laminitic horses according to the animals’ energy requirements and use without overfeeding. The sting in the leaves is due to histamine that can be easily destroyed with drying. Let’s talk about the feeding aspect first. omega 6 levels are higher than omega 3). A plant so common that it is found on nearly every piece of waste ground, yet a nettle supplement for horses can be really helpful, as it has been for humans since anglo saxon times. A high fibre, low starch and low sugar diet is essential for laminitics, so avoid feeds that contain cereals or molasses. - Stephanie Valberg 2017, Red Mills extruded full fat soya bean meal, European College of Equine Internal Medicine Consensus Statement - Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome in Adult Horses, Investigating Weight Loss - Liphook Equine Hospital. An example of increasing the energy supplied by the diet: Dengie HiFi molasses free (MF) (unmolassed alfalfa/straw chaff) contains 8.5 MJ DE/kg. If you look at a horse grazing, it will not eat live nettles but once cut will quickly hoover them up. Do not be tempted to let them gorge on less grass or start feeding them high sugar or high calorie hard feeds. 2.83 kg would supply 24 MJ - an extra 7 MJ/day, bringing his daily total DE to 74 MJ. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay diet and, in general, enhances the horse’s muscle tone, immune system and overall health. This includes avoiding things like molasses and wholegrain cereals and using feeds low in sugar and starch. Side Bar – Feeds acceptable for feeding to horses with ECD, EMC, and IR Grass forages, grass/legume mixed forages, low quality pasture, variety of natural forages Concentrates containing a small amount of oats, beet pulp, rice bran, soybean hulls, flax seeds, vegetable fats. 2 kg of HiFi MF, which supplies 17 MJ - so he's getting 67 MJ/day DE, he needs 70 MJ/day DE, and he's losing weight. You should always ensure feed is kept secure and you feed … Diets for horses with laminitis/EMS/PPID will usually be based on low energy, low sugar/starch high fibre forage with nutrients targeted to meet deficiencies in the forage, identified by forage analysis (or typical values). 2 kg of Speedibeet would supply 24 MJ - that's over 40% more calories compared to the same weight of HiFi MF. Typically one might feed 10g /day to a pony and twice that (20g) to a horse, according to body weight. Always avoid giving cereal grain based feeds to laminitic horses. Omega-3s Reduce Inflammation. Carrots may be desirable for some horses as a natural source of beta carotene. Kentucky Equine Research has several products designed to support horses with metabolic conditions, including products recommended for horses with laminitis. This will ensure, especially in the spring period, that the horse does not overindulge on high sugar grasses and also makes it easier to control its weight. NEVER starve an overweight horse or pony, even if they are suffering with laminitis. Horses pasture intake should be monitored by having limited turnout, using a grazing muzzle or by using strip grazing methods. Scroll down for more information and products you might wish to select. Equinenaturalhealth.co.uk is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.co.uk. You should neverfeed a laminitic horse with a feed that has any of the following ingredients: Oats, corn, wheat, rice, triticale, rye, barley or other cereal grains. Here, we’re discussing how to monitor and manage grazing for laminitis prone horses. Plain corn (about 25%), barley (about 35%) and oats (about 45%) make a simple, clean mixture without sugar. That said nettles have other benefits for a possible laminitic horse in that it contains an anti-histamine compound – ironic really given that its sting creates a histamine reaction when it stings us ! Containing healthy amounts of iron, vitamin C (an anti-oxidant), chlorophyll and histamine, nettles are primarily diuretic and blood cleansing agents, eliminating uric acid from the body. Increase fibre - feed 2 - 2.5% of the horse's bodyweight as forage (hay, haylage or grass depending on the need to restrict sugar/starch). If low energy forage is not available then a mixture of high quality forage and straw divided into a minimum of 4 feedings might be a suitable alternative. Laminitis due to starch-overload is very rare as most horses and ponies prone to laminitis are not fed large amounts of high starch concentrate feeds. The horse should be fed low-NSC hay at the rate of 1.5 to 2% of body weight. Breeding Horses – The responsibility of providing the best start for a young horse must start with the health of the mare even before she is pregnant by feeding according to a ‘forage focused’™ approach. Straw should not be the only forage provided but can be safely included in the ration at <0.25 kg (DM)/100 kg BW. It is fed at low rates and is concentrated so only a small amount needs to be fed with adequate roughage for horses to obtain the protein, vitamins and minerals they need without excess energy. Nettle root contains sitosterols useful in controlling benign prostate hyperplasia. Iron is important for the production of red blood cells and the transportation of oxygen through the body via haemoglobin. Nettles for horses are rich in Iron and Vitamin C, and most horses will happily eat them out in the fields once they have been chopped down an allowed to wilt so they loose their sting. Ensure the basic diet is correct, i.e. When adding oil to the diet, add an extra 1 IU vitamin E for every 1 ml of oil added - see: Feed several small meals/day rather than 1 or 2 large meals, and aim to give the horse access to forage at all times. When feeding a commercial feed for weight gain, it is best to feed based on the horse’s target weight rather than the actual weight. Both have sugar/starch levels of no more than 5% (according to their manufacturers), so are suitable for laminitic horses. Most horses and ponies can recover from laminitis but the extent of their recovery depends on many factors including how severe the problem was when it was first spotted, and how soon treatment commences. However, it is important to make sure that they still get the daily nutrients that they need including vitamins,minerals and amino acids. Step one - Address Hay Intake. ), however, there have been some cases reported where horses have come up in hives. Other nutritional trigger factors such as hay and concentrate intake should be reviewed and diet revisions made, if necessary. Say he's getting 50 MJ/day from hay, and. Feeds rich in carbohydrate are quite energy dense that means a horse can easily consume more carbohydrates than its body can handle. If additional weight gain is needed, start slowly adding oil to their diet. Any form of steam flaked, micronised or extruded grain. Certain types of horses are prone to laminitis such as easy keepers, horses with crest necks, obese or insulin resistance horses. Delay or doing the wrong things often results in horses having to be destroyed . Protein is essential for both the growth and repair of muscles, bone, cartilage, skin, hair, and blood. The diuretics effect can also be of use when reducing inflammation. For most laminitic horses or ponies, field turnout needs to be restricted but laminitic horses should also not be turned out on to ‘stressed’ pasture, for example, short stubbly grass. Laminitis is an emergency condition and you should call your veterinary surgeon right away. Some people, though, just don’t want to feed alfalfa — they believe it causes laminitis. Of course there are many different causes of laminitis butwith correct feeding and management, you can help to protect your horse or pony from this extremely painful anddangerous disease and the following top tips are designed to help. Typically one might feed 10g /day to a pony and twice that (20g) to a horse, according to body weight. It can occur occasionally, for example if a horse or pony breaks into the feed room. She is getting no grain, and she has never developed laminitis, inflammation of the soft connective tissues within the foot that can result from a variety of causes, including a diet too rich in NSCs. Nettles also can be used as a sugar balancer to prevent sugar highs and lows, which horses are prone to at certain times of the year, for example, as fructose level in grass increases in the springtime. Getting your horse or pony’s diet right with a case of laminitis is an essential part of their care and recovery. Mitavite Munga is an ideal feed for a laminitic horse with a starch level of 5.2% and a WSC (sugar) level of 8.4%. Are you unsure what the best feed for your laminitic horse is? Feed: A product specially formulated for metabolic issuesor a ration balancer are the best bet to feed your laminitic horse. Laminitic horses need extra attention paid to their diet. Can I Turn My Laminitis Prone Horse Out To Grass. When evaluating the feeding program be sure to look at the treats being given. As with all dietary changes, introduce carefully and monitor closely. A nettle supplement for horses also acts as an overall tonic, containing essential minerals such as calcium and potassium, typically fed in the springtime to support the horse after a hard winter, especially if living out, and to prepare for the usual increased use and competition in the summer. Horses and ponies that are prone to laminitis are often very fat so it is important to carefully manage pasture turnout and feed intake. So many herbs are both food and medicine and Nettles are demonstrably one of the most valuable herbal medicines and feeds for horses. Grazing, while natural, can be a trigger for the painful disease laminitis. Here’s what you should be feeding: Grass or pasture hay – preferably older hay (low sugar – no clover or rye) that is not mouldy Wheaten chaff (small amount of Lucerne chaff or oaten... Read more » Nettles can be cut, spread out on a baking tray and dried in the oven at 70 0 C for an hour or so. Wheatfeed, millrun, millmix, broll, bran (rice or wheat), pollard, middlings or any other variation of these ingredients. Despite their vicious sting from the formic acid on the leaves when growing (easily relieved with the juice of a dock or plantain leaf crushed in the hand, or a drop or two of pure Lavender essential oil), they are one of our most valuable mineral herbs. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Add Vitamin E to High-Fat Horse Diets - KER September 2019​. Also, of course, take care that you haven’t gathered up any other plant that could be harmful to your horse such as ragwort and groundsel. ", Sykes BW, Hewetson M, Hepburn RJ, Luthersson N, Tamzali Y, Ensure teeth are not causing problems (6-12 monthly dental exams), internal parasites are controlled (targeted worming and worm egg counts), PPID is well controlled (check clinical signs and blood test results) and the horse has no other illness that might cause weight loss -. If your laminitic horse needs to gain weight, increase the amount of low sugar forage you feed them. Time is of the essence in dealing successfully with laminitis. Feeding equines prone to laminitis should be centred around three basic concepts: 1. Getting the right feed for a laminitic is important for any owner of a horse or pony with laminitis. The diet for your horse will depend primarily on whether: Horses with these conditions that develop laminitis should be removed from pasture. Keep the dried nettles in an airtight tin and add to your horse’s mash feed. Based on my experience observing laminitic horses over the past 46 years in veterinary practice, I believe that obesity leads to the development of weakened laminae, and changes in the growth pattern of the feet.” * Abnormal hoof wall. If your horse requires supplemental feeding, use a feed containing sugar and starch levels of less than 12%. Alfalfa hay (lucerne) can be part of the diet during the acute stages. Iron is needed for the production of red blood cells and haemoglobin. Any nettle allergy is most likely to be related to the live plant ( i.e. Nettles are a mild diuretic and can help maintain regulation and loss of body fluids, which can include flushing through toxins. If a 500 kg horse is not working, he's likely to need around 70 MJ/day for maintenance requirements. When cut and dried, the nettle loses its sting and becomes a really useful feed supplement. Here are some tips for planning a diet suitable for such horses. Forage that has low NSC (<12% starch and sugars) content should make up most of … This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Feeding hay to laminitic horses or ponies. If he'll eat more, you could increase his feed - increasing his HiFi MF to. phone. Nettles compared weight for weight with spinach are far richer in iron and used to alleviate anaemia. Linked to issues of blood supply, nettles are often used to promote a healthy dappled coat. Historically Nettles have been used to help support a healthy blood supply and circulation. Rowen Barbary Soft N Soak ReadyFibre Mash, Dietary restriction in combination with a nutraceutical supplement for the management of equine metabolic syndrome in horses, Dietary Management of Endocrine Disorders in the Older Horse, Forages and Grazing in Horse Nutrition edited by Markku Saastamoinen EAAP 132 2012. A ridged hoof wall, marked with raised “fever rings” or changes in hoof-growth pattern, is a distinct warning sign. Also, constipation has been reported as a side-effect. providing all essential nutrients - protein (weight loss can be a sign of protein deficiency), minerals, vitamins, essential fatty acids - as above. Read more here. Nettles have an amazing nutrient profile being extremely high in calcium, chromium, magnesium and zinc, and high in Increase the DE content of the diet using rapidly fermented low sugar/starch feeds such as unmolassed sugar beet. Immune system deficiencies make it hard for laminitic horses to recover and set them up for secondary infections, so it’s easy to see why boosts in immune function can be beneficial. Keep the dried nettles in an airtight tin and add to your horse’s mash feed.
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